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Trends in Divorce in India

The young couples are fast becoming upwardly mobile and rich in Indian cities. But economic prosperity is taking its toll on the marital status and marriages are falling apart. Over the years the number of divorce cases filed in the family courts have doubled. The main reasons are ego, stress to professional competition.

Family counselors and lawyers say the trend may play havoc with the institution of marriage. In cities like Gurgaon over 25 matrimonial dispute cases are registered every month at the mediation and conciliation Centre, more than 10 are divorce petitions. At least 2 cases settle for divorce every month.

It is seen that most of the couples filing a divorce petition in the family courts are working professionals in the age group of 25-35 years. According to experts divorces are increasing due to frequent ego clashes and work stress.

Corporate culture demands long working hours and increases stress levels in young people. Also there is professional competition among the spouses.

The husbands file more than 70% of the total divorce cases. In the corporate world a man fails to give sufficient time to his family. This directly affects his relationship with the wife.

A progressive individual culture is also responsible for the upward trend. Spouses are no longer dependent on each other financially. Also ego plays a major role. Lawyers say that couples with irrevocable differences prefer divorce by mutual consent. There is high sense of intolerance and immaturity among young couples these days. It is the modern culture and materialistic attitude of people that has to be blamed.

Another cause of divorce is rising cases of domestic violence where wives are victims of physical abuse. According to lawyers these cases are either of domestic violence or maintenance issues. It is the wives who usually file for the divorce.

Contested divorce takes longer around 18-24 months. Here the aggrieved party must prove cruelty, unsoundness of mind and impotency of the spouse.

Children are no longer the binding factor in marriages. Most children are badly affected by the fact that their parents are divorced or on the verge of splitting.

Experts also say that children tend to project extreme behavioral patterns such as aggressiveness or social withdrawal. They become quarrelsome or start bullying other children and suffer from psychological weakness. There is also blow to child's self esteem. What worsens the situation is when a partner tries to malign the other to gain the child's sympathy.

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