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Reproductive Health Status of Women in India

India's maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is highest in South Asia: 540 deaths per 100,000 live births or one woman dying roughly every five minutes. An estimated 1, 36,000 women die in India every year due to pregnancy related setbacks. The number of maternity -related deaths which occur in a week in India is equivalent to what occurs in a whole year in Europe. However government has not taken any effective measures till date. Despite the fact that an high fatalities occur among women in a year due to poor reproductive health practices no one is exercised enough to create a movement for improving women's health.

One of the reasons why women succumb to reproduction related complications is lack of timely transportation to the nearest hospital. Experts estimate that 70% of the maternal -related deaths are preventable. Tetanus and anemia claim a large number of women because mothers get very little or no care in the post natal period.Anaemia can be overcome with proper nutrition and supplements.

In US MMR has dropped by 99% in recent years largely because of improvements in sanitation and post natal care rather than new medication. Good sanitation and nutrition and avoiding overwork and stress will improve the health of the women here. The need is to shift focus from the medical to the social, beginning with healthy antenatal care. But cultural, social and economic barriers delay or prevent women from seeking reproductive health care at any stage-antenatal, delivery or post natal. Safe maternity is a vital social indicator which requires immediate attention.

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