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Action against Sex Determination and girl infanticide in Haryana

Over the years, Haryana has a notorious reputation for the state with the lowest sex ratio and rampant girl infanticide. The male child preference has harmed the cause of girls and led people to search for various means to abort the girl child medically or through illegal means. Though the PNDT Act was enacted in 1994, Haryana an Indian state ranked lowest among states in 2011 despite an increase in sex ratio to 834 with previous 819.The sex ratio at birth according to sample registration system statistical report 2012 also ranked Haryana at the bottom amongst all states with an SRB of 857.

After the launch of Prime Minister’s flagship ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program, the state had to fight the people’s preference for sons and rigid biases against daughters. The state crackdown on illegal sex determination exposed the nexus of more than 1000 elements that included doctors, quacks, touts, patients and their relatives cases against whom are currently on in lower courts. Several quacks or untrained paramedics were found using portable, affordable ultrasound machines for sex detection. The state also undertook several successful inter-state raids to prevent touts help women from accessing sex detection facilities in neighboring states.

The sustained efforts led for the first time sex ratio at birth in Haryana shot up to 900 in 2016 up from 868 in 2013,871 in 2014 and 876 in 2015. At least 12 districts have a sex ratio of 900 0r more. It is aiming for an SRB of 950 which is an ideal as per international standards. According to the experts the need is to have long-term efforts to change the mindset of the local people who take the girl child as a burden due to various socio-economic factors.

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